Fungal infections are a common problem and can be caused due to different reasons. A fungal infection occurs when an invading fungus takes over an area of the body and our immune system is not able to fight against it. When harmful fungi invade the body with low immunity they can survive in the environment and can re-infect the person. Fungal infections are usually not very serious if they are treated quickly and correctly. Anyone with a weakened immune system may be more likely to contract a fungal infection, as well as anyone who is taking antibiotics. Patients with cancer and diabetes are also likely to get these infections. Some of the common types of fungal infections that can occur are athlete’s foot, Yeast infection, Jock Itch and Ringworm. There are several types of antifungal medicines used to treat these kinds of infections. These antifungals are available in the form of creams, sprays, solutions, tablets, pessaries, shampoos and injections. Most work by damaging the cell wall of the fungus, which causes the death of fungus.
Itraconazole is an amazing compound which is used to treat a variety of fungal infections. It belongs to a class of drugs known as azole antifungals. It works by stopping the growth of fungi. Itraconazole 100 mg capsules are very effective in the treatment of various types of infections which include Pityriasis Versicolor, Oral candidiasis, Onychomycoses and other similar infections. The mode of action of Itraconazole is inhibition of synthesis of ergosterol which is an essential component of the fungal cell membrane. This results in increased cellular permeability causing leakage of cellular contents.
Dosing direction of Itraconazole:
Itraconazole is available in the form of 100 mg capsules. These Capsules should be taken with a full meal to ensure maximal absorption. It is to be taken orally with water. You should take this medication as recommended by your doctor. The dose is based on the type of infection and also on the condition of infection. Try not to miss your scheduled dose. You must complete a full course of the treatment to avoid development of resistance and reoccurring of infection.
Possible Side effects:
Decreased urine, dry mouth, fever, increased thirst, irregular heartbeat, loss of appetite may be observed. You must consult the doctor immediately if severe side effects are observed.
Precautions while using Itraconazole:
- In pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed.
- This drug may make you dizzy therefore avoid driving or using machinery.
- Avoid the use of this medication if you are allergic to it.
- Avoid medicines such as antacids, anticholinergic acid blockers for at least 2 hours after taking this medicine.
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